《双语园地》Stories of Tolerance (Part 3)「其待人也轻以约」──宽容的故事(三)

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Guo Ziyi Acted Generously and with Integrity

In the Tang Dynasty, Guo Ziyi (697 – 781 AD) spent his entire life in the army. He performed admirably in the pacification of the An Lushan Rebellion and in battles against invasions by other countries. However, he never bragged about his accomplishments, and he was patriotic and loyal to his country. He treated people with tolerance and generosity, thus gaining high prestige. When the An Lushan Rebellion broke out, Emperor Tang Suzong (711 – 762 AD) selected Guo Ziyi to be the army’s commander-in-chief. After many difficulties, Guo Ziyi finally led his troops to re-take two major cities, Luoyang and Chang’an. Tang Suzong said to him, “Although this country is mine, it was indeed you who rebuilt it.”

郭子仪宽宏大义 唐代的郭子仪,戎马一生,在平定「安史之乱」和抵御外族入侵中屡建奇功,但他从不居功自傲,忠勇爱国,宽厚待人,因此在朝中有极高的威望。安史之乱爆发后,唐肃宗拜郭子仪为兵部尚书,统帅全军,郭子仪历尽千辛万苦,终于率军收复了洛阳,长安两京,唐肃宗对他说:「虽吾之家国,实由卿再造。」

When General Pugu Huai’en rebelled against the emperor, he led 100,000 soldiers, including his own Shuofang Army along with Uighur and Tibetan troops, to attack the capital. During this critical period, the emperor promoted Guo Ziyi to several key government positions in addition to his military role.

Guo Ziyi had never used wars and winning battles as routes to promotions and wealth. He firmly declined most of the promotions, choosing to keep a mid-level position only. He said in his report to the emperor that since the rebellion, fighting for power had become rife in the court and he hoped that virtue and etiquette would emerge again, starting with his example.

Guo Ziyi had once led the Shuofang Army, and the soldiers were still very loyal to him. When Guo Ziyi arrived at the battlefield, many of the Shuofang Army switched sides. When the Uighur and Tibetan soldiers saw this, they retreated without a fight. Pugu Huai’en had to flee the field with his 300 personal corps, and Guo Ziyi returned victorious. Once again, he firmly declined any official titles or promotions bestowed by the imperial court.

后来,唐朝将领仆固怀恩反叛朝廷,率领朔方军,并招引回纥,吐蕃等共十万兵马进逼京师,正当用人破敌之急,朝廷恢复和加封郭子仪为太尉,分宁,泾原,河西及朔方招抚观察使,中书令等一系列虚职和实职。郭子仪从不把打仗破敌当作升官发财途径,他坚决要求辞去太尉等之职,只保留招抚观察使一职即可。他上奏说,自兵乱以来,纲纪破坏,时下与人比高低,争权势已成风尚流行,他希望朝中兴行礼让,就由自己开始实现。因郭子仪曾带过朔方兵,朔方兵对郭子仪十分爱戴,当郭子仪以朔方节度使的身份到来时,朔方兵纷纷离开仆固怀恩,重归郭子仪帐下,回纥,吐蕃见此不战而退,仆固怀恩只得带上三百亲信逃到灵武(今宁夏灵武)避难。郭子仪得胜而归,他对于往昔的官爵决心一无所受,朝廷不允,经过他再三恳让,才辞掉了太尉之。

When Emperor Daizong (727 – 779 AD) was in power, Pugu Huai’en again attacked Chang’an with 300,000 Uighur, Tibetan, and Dongshun soldiers. The emperor urgently summoned Guo Ziyi to lead 10,000 soldiers to resist the rebels. When Guo and his troops arrived, they were surrounded by more than 100,000 Uighur and Tibetan soldiers.

At that critical point in time, Pugu Huai’en died suddenly. Guo Ziyi then went straight to the Uighur commander by himself and convinced him to side with the Tang army. They defeated the Tibetan troops decisively, and the entire enemy army collapsed. Guo was gracious in victory, and many Uighur and Tibetan people called him a man of divine virtue.

唐代宗时,仆固怀恩再次招引回纥,吐蕃,党项等三十万兵马,直取长安而来,京师震恐。唐代宗急召郭子仪从河中回来,屯驻长安北面的泾阳城,抵御叛军郭子仪。率领一万唐军刚到泾阳,就被回纥,吐蕃十多万人马团团围住,形势万分紧急。在此关键时刻,仆固怀恩暴病而死。郭子仪见此情景,就单人匹马去见回纥主将,晓之以理,说服了其与唐军联合,在灵武大破吐蕃,使各路攻唐大军闻风丧胆,逃之夭夭。当时人都非常敬佩郭子仪,就连回纥,吐蕃也称他为神人,因为他曾施恩于很多人。

Guo Ziyi set himself as an example with his behavior, and he took good care of the common people. Because of the many years of war, the country was in a depression and people led hard lives. To reduce their burden, he personally led his troops to turn wastelands into farmland. When the soldiers were not at war, they received training but also did agricultural labor. Although it was wartime, the crops were abundant wherever his troops were stationed. As a superior, he was tolerant and adept at developing people. He had over sixty subordinates who were promoted to generals. Guo Ziyi lived a long life with many prosperous descendents. People noted that it was the result of his leniency.

郭子仪以身作则,爱护百姓。当时连年战乱,经济凋敝,百姓生活困难,为了减轻人民的负担,他亲自带兵屯田,官兵在休战时,一边训练,一边参加农业劳动。战乱时期,他的驻地丰收的庄稼到处可见。做上司,他为人宽简,善于培养人才,他提拔的部下中有六十多人,后来都因功位至将相。郭子仪福泽绵长,集富贵寿考于一身,子孙显贵安泰,人们都说是其宽仁得到的福报史书对其评价:。「天下以其身为安危者殆三十年」,「猗欢汾阳,功扶昊苍秉仁蹈义,铁石心肠。四海静乱,五福其昌。为臣之节,敢告忠良。」(“资治通鉴”)

 

 

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