《双语园地》:Stories of Tolerance (Part 1)「其待人也轻以约」──宽容的故事(一)

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An old Chinese saying states, “Ancient gentlemen are strict with themselves down to the last detail, while treating others with leniency and giving them latitude.” This means that they are very demanding of themselves so that they can constantly improve. On the other hand, they treat others with tolerance, which allows others to do good. Tolerance is a type of wisdom that is found while being steadfast to righteousness. It is consideration and responsibility towards others, which requires one to be broadminded and kind.

Zi Gong once asked his teacher Confucius, “Is there a single word that I can follow as a guiding principle for my life?” Confucius replied, “Forgiveness is probably that word.” The ancient people focused on self-cultivation, constantly inspecting themselves while being tolerant and forgiving. This increased their own virtue and influenced others at the same time.

Below are some stories from ancient times.

古语云:「古之君子,其责己也重以周,其待人也轻以约」指古之君子对自己要求严格而全面,这样就能及时改过,不断向上;对别人宽容而平易,使别人乐于为善宽容是一种智慧,是道义坚守中的包容,是对他人的关爱和负责,它需要有宽广的胸襟和与人为善的心态孔子的学生子贡曾问孔子:。「有没有一个字,可以作为终生奉行的原则呢」孔子说:。「那大概就是 ‘恕’ 吧「」恕」,就是宽容的意思古人注重修身,时时观照,省察自己,并且能用宽容的心,涵容他人过失,不仅自己的德业可以增长,也能够感化,善化他人。以下为古籍中记载的几个故事。

Song Jiu Repays Evil with Good

In the Warring States Period (722 – 481 BC), Song Jiu was a county governor in the State of Liang. His county was adjacent to the State of Chu. A post was set up on either side of the border. Those who worked at the posts on either side farmed melons. The Liang people were industrious, and they frequently irrigated their land, so their melons grew very well. The Chu people were lazy. They hardly ever watered the land, and their melons of course did not grow well.

宋就以德报怨
战国时期,梁国有一位叫宋就的大夫,曾经做过一个边境县的县令。这个县和楚国相邻界,梁,楚两国都设有边亭,两国边亭的人员各自种了一块瓜田。梁人十分勤劳,多次给瓜田浇水灌溉,他们种的瓜长势很好。而楚人懒惰,给瓜田浇水灌溉的次数少,他们种的瓜长势不好。

Out of jealousy, the Chu people stomped on and broke the vines on the Liang side late one night. The Liang people reported the damage to Governor Song and sought revenge. Song Jiu shook his head and said, “We should not do that. Making an enemy is a path to calamity. It would be too narrow-minded if we played tit for tat. I will give you a solution. We will send our people to the other side to secretly water their land every night, but we will not tell them.”

楚人出于妒嫉,在深夜去践踏和扯断梁人的瓜藤。梁人发现后,去请示县令宋就,认为要报复,准备去践踏楚人瓜藤,宋就听后摇摇头说:?!「怎么可以这样做呢与人结怨,是招祸的门径人家对我们不好,我们也对人家不好,这多么狭隘呢我告诉你们一个办法,每晚派人暗中为楚人浇灌他们的瓜田,不要让他们知道。」

In the morning, the Chu people saw that their crop had already been irrigated. With help from the Liang people, the melon vines within the Chu border grew better day by day. The Chu people thought it strange at first. They secretly investigated and found out the reason. They were very moved and reported it to their central government. The King of Chu felt ashamed and subsequently apologized to the Liang people with generous gifts and asked them to pass along a message of friendship between the two states. Afterwards, the King of Chu praised the King of Liang as someone trustworthy and righteous. Over time, the two states developed a long-lasting friendship, which started from the melon vine incident and how Song Jiu repaid an act of doing harm with an act of kindness.

楚人早晨到瓜田一看,发现已经浇灌过了。就这样,在梁人的帮助下,楚亭的瓜田长势一天比一天好起来。楚人感到奇怪,便暗中察访,知道原来是梁人干的,于是大受震撼,便把这件事报告给楚国朝廷。楚王知道这件事后,感到很惭愧,便派人带着丰厚的礼品向梁国边亭人员表示歉意,并请求与梁王结交。楚王后来多次称赞梁王讲信义。所以说,梁楚两国的友好关系,是从宋就妥善处理边亭瓜田事件开始的。古语说的「转败而为功,因祸而为福」,老子说的「报怨以德」,就是说的这类事情呀。(“新序”)
By Hui Zhi
阿里郞 露芙仕 把健康带回家

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